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The Amazon rainforest is a fundamental organism to the Earth. From being a carbon sink, absorbing carbon from the atmosphere, to producing over a fifth of the world’s oxygen that we breath and housing countless animal and plant species, we must preserve the Amazon.

Blue frog from the Amazon Rainforest

10 Quick Amazon Rainforest facts

1. Largest rainforest in the world

The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, covering an area of over 6 million square kilometers.

2. Spreads over South America

It is located in South America, primarily in Brazil, and extending into Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, and several other countries.

3. Bioviersity sanctuary

Over 20,000 different plant and animal species, with many of them found nowhere else on Earth, live in the Amazon.

4. “Lungs of the Earth”

The Amazon rainforest is known as the “lungs of the Earth” due to its role in producing 20% of the world’s oxygen and absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

5. A fresh water source for millions

This rainforest also acts as a crucial water source for millions of people in the region, providing water for agriculture, hydropower, and drinking water.

6. Threatened by deforestation

Deforestation and destruction of the Amazon rainforest is a major global concern, as it contributes to climate change and loss of biodiversity.

7. Also threatened by illegal activities

In recent years, the rate of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest has increased due to various factors, including illegal logging, mining, and agriculture.

8. Vital for indigenous communities

The Amazon rainforest is a vital resource for indigenous communities, who rely on it for food, medicine, and other resources.

9. Major tourist attraction

This forest is also a major tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors every year to see its unique and diverse flora and fauna.

10. International conservation efforts

The Amazon jungle is also the subject of international conservation efforts, with various organizations working to preserve its ecosystem.

Map of the topography of Brazil showing extent of the Amazon Rainforest

Defining the amazon rainforest?

The Amazon rainforest is a vast tropical rainforest and house to several national parks located in South America. 

Spanning over 6.7 million square kilometres, it is the largest and most biodiverse forest in the world. It also houses the Amazon River, which runs for over 4,225 miles. It is home to over 20,000 different species of plants and animals, many of which can only be found there.

The Amazon rainforest is also an important global resource, playing a significant role in regulating the Earth’s climate and weather patterns. Some even call it “Earth’s lungs”.

Jungle vegetation in Amazon Rainforest

Threats to the Amazon Rainforest

Despite its importance, the Amazon rainforest is facing numerous threats: namely, its destruction. Deforestation is the main cause, as large areas of the forest are being cleared for agriculture, mining, and other forms of development. Climate change is also a threat, as it is causing the forest to dry out and become more susceptible to fires. Logging and poaching of valuable tree species such as mahogany and rosewood also threaten the Amazon rainforest.

The consequences of Amazon deforestation

The Amazon Rainforest is crucial for many reasons. The forest floor acts as a carbon sink, absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and helping to mitigate the effects of climate change. The forest also produces 20% of the world’s oxygen, making it an essential part of the Earth’s oxygen cycle. In addition, the Amazon rainforest is home to many indigenous communities, and it is a source of food and medicine for millions of people.

Baby monkey in Amazon Rainforest

What’s Being Done to Protect the Amazon Rainforest?

There are many initiatives underway to protect the Amazon rainforest. Governments, NGOs, and individuals are working to protect the forest from further deforestation, and to reforest areas that have already been cleared. Many organizations like us, Konsciouskind, are working to raise awareness about the importance of the Amazon rainforest and to encourage people to take action to protect it.

7 conservation highlights

As of February 2023, countries like Brazil, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador are actively promoting conservation of the Amazon Rainforest. Here are a few of the measures being implemented:

  1. Establishing protected areas.
  2. Increasing enforcement against illegal logging.
  3. Implementing regulations on mining and oil drilling.
  4. Collaboration with indigenous communities to promote conservation.
  5. Supporting sustainable agriculture.
  6. Promoting sustainable development initiatives such as the Amazon Fund.
  7. Partnerships with organisations like the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

Red parrot in Amazon Rainforest

What can you do to protect the Amazon?

The Amazon rainforest is an essential part of our planet, playing a vital role in regulating Earth’s climate and supporting countless plant and animal species.

However, the forest is facing numerous threats, including deforestation, climate change, and over-exploitation. It is our responsibility to protect the Amazon rainforest, both for the sake of its incredible biodiversity and for the wellbeing of future generations.

By supporting conservation initiatives, reducing our impact on the environment, and advocating for policies that protect the Amazon rainforest, you can help ensure its survival.

How can you lower your impact on deforestation?

  1. Use less paper (or none at all).
  2. If you do have to use paper, make sure it’s recycled and certified.
  3. Go plant-based (it doesn’t have to be all the time, but the more you can do it, the better!).
  4. Avoid food products with palm oil (check the ingredients label before shopping your food).
  5. Reduce, reuse and recycle.
  6. Support brands committed to stopping deforestation.
  7. Advocate for reforestation and aforestation.

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